Racial microaggressions are brief and commonplace daily statements, actions, or incidents, whether
intentional or unintentional, that communicate hostile, derogatory, or negative racial slights and insults toward
people of color because they belong to a racial minority group (Sue, Capodilupo, Torino, Bucceri, Holder, Nadal,
& Esquilin, 2007).
•Everyone, including marginalized group members, harbors biases and prejudices and can act in
discriminatory and hurtful ways toward others.
•People who use microaggressions are often unaware that they engage in such communications when
they interact with people of color.